General Beltings Holdings Limited (GBH.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Industrial holding sector has released it’s 2012 abridged results.For more information about General Beltings Holdings Limited (GBH.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the General Beltings Holdings Limited (GBH.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: General Beltings Holdings Limited (GBH.zw) 2012 abridged results.Company ProfileGeneral Beltings Holdings Limited (GBH) manufactures and distributes general-purpose and specialised reinforced conveyor beltings, and rubber and chemical products. Its product range includes rubber-covered belting, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) belting, light-duty PVC belting, solid-woven belting, transmission belting and conveyor belt rubber skirting. Its two major customers are Anglo-American Corporation and De Beers. The company has two subsidiaries; Pigott Maskew and General Beltings. Pigott Maskew manufactures rubber products for mining, manufacturing and construction industries; with a product range covering large and small bore reinforced rubber hoses, rubber agricultural and construction rings, rubber sheeting, rubber gasket material, molded rubber products, rubber extrusions and rubberized charge car wheels. General Beltings Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange read more
Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited (GGBL.gh) listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2014 presentation For more information about Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited (GGBL.gh) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited (GGBL.gh) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited (GGBL.gh) 2014 presentation Company ProfileGuinness Ghana Breweries Limited manufactures and markets a range of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages for the Ghana domestic market and for international export. Its product offering includes spirits, beers, lagers and stouts as well as ready-to-drink products. Popular brand names include Guinness Foreign Extra Stout, Orijin Zero, Ciroc Ultra-Premium Vodka, Johnnie Walker Reserve Scotch Whisky, Ron Zacapa Rum, Malta Guinness, Star Lager, Gulder, Alvaro, Ruut Extra, Orijin Bitters, Smirnoff Ice and Smirnoff Double Black Ice. The company was originally founded to produce Guinness Foreign Extra Stout, otherwise known as Guinness. Its non-alcoholic beverage, Malta Guinness, is extremely popular and has captured 70% of the Ghana non-alcoholic beverages market. Guinness Ghana Breweries is a subsidiary of Diageo Plc. and is based in Kumasi, Ghana. Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange read more
CopyAbout this officeCplusC Architectural WorkshopOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcreteBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesCastlecragHousesAustraliaPublished on October 22, 2013Cite: “Castlecrag Residence / CplusC Architectural Workshop” 22 Oct 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
The Netherlands Contractor:Dimka WentzelArchitect In Charge:Walden StudioCity:BemmelCountry:The NetherlandsMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!Courtesy of Walden StudioRecommended ProductsDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesStonesNeolithSintered Stone – Arctic White – Colorfeel CollectionDoorsStudcoAccess Panels – AccessDorDoorsLonghiDoor – HeadlineText description provided by the architects. Self-sufficient living and building with natural materials may sound like hippie seventies stuff, however this small house manages to combine sustainability with sleek design. Walden Studio mounted this 17 square meter house on a trailer for Marjolein Jonker in the Netherlands. The compact size of the house led to a multi-functional design, which makes it not just a house with an interior, instead the interior is part of the design as a whole.Save this picture!Courtesy of Walden StudioYou enter the house through the front door, made up of two large windows. Once inside you can nest yourself in the corner couch, which accommodates storage space and can also be transformed into a dining table that seats four. In the middle of the house you’ll find a kitchen, the stairs and a desk. The stairs functions as a closet and offers space for the refrigerator. In case you think living smaller equals sobriety, think again! In the bathroom, you can sit back and enjoy a panoramic view while bathing, now that is some small scale luxury.Save this picture!Courtesy of Walden StudioProbably the most defining feature of the house is the big amount of daylight entering the house, thanks to the four roof lights. Despite the constraints of a small sized house, it feels spacious and transparent. This effect is further strengthened by the use of light materials, a white finish for the walls combined with birch plywood.Save this picture!SectionSave this picture!IsometricSave this picture!Floor PlanThe house is inspired by the tiny house movement. Living small generates more freedom; there is less junk in your house, you have to clean less and you don’t have to worry about a high mortgage since the average price is a fifth of a ‘’normal’’ house. Furthermore, living smaller means using less energy. In this house, a small wood stove can easily heat the entire home and the roof is fitted with three big solar panels that produce the required electricity. In the bathroom a composting toilet has been placed to reduce water usage and create compost. The house will also harvest its own rainwater and take care of waste water with a natural wastewater treatment system.Save this picture!Courtesy of Walden StudioThe ecological impact is reduced even further by using bio-based materials. To give some examples, the facade is made out of thermally modified pine wood from Scandinavia, treated naturally to last as long as a tropical hard wood. The construction consists of spruce wood studs and Ecoboard, a sheet material made of agricultural waste products, which has been painted with ecological paint. The floor is made of cork and to keep Marjolein warm during the Dutch winters, the house is insulated with a layer of sheep wool. Marjoleins house is the first tiny house to be legally placed by a municipality in the Netherlands. For now it’s a temporary permit, but the local government is excited about a more sustainable form of living. Of course that will only come into being by real world experiments, such as these.Save this picture!Courtesy of Walden StudioSave this picture!Courtesy of Walden StudioProject gallerySee allShow lessMoscow Urban Forum Announces This Year’s ProgramArchitecture NewsVideo: Ascend the Ziggurat in the Nordic Pavilion at the 2016 Venice BiennaleVideos Share Projects CopyHouses•Bemmel, The Netherlands ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/790176/contemporary-tiny-house-walden-studio Clipboard “COPY” 2016 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/790176/contemporary-tiny-house-walden-studio Clipboard Save this picture!Courtesy of Walden Studio+ 29 Share Area: 23 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Architects: Walden Studio Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” ArchDaily Houses Contemporary Tiny House / Walden Studio CopyAbout this officeWalden StudioOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBemmelThe NetherlandsPublished on June 27, 2016Cite: “Contemporary Tiny House / Walden Studio ” 27 Jun 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
We did it. Resistance works. People across the country fought back against a draconian health care bill and stopped its passage. Through town hall meetings, creative street protests, social media, billboard ads, petitions, phone, email and letter writing campaigns, and more, people rebuffed the right wing’s attempt to undercut medical insurance for millions.There was a countrywide rebellion against the “take from the poor and give to the rich” Trump/Ryan/Price “health care” bill.A mood of fightback swept the country. In front of the White House, 24 people were arrested doing civil disobedience on March 23, representing the 24 million who would lose insurance under the administration’s bill. Marches and rallies took place in Washington that day as part of a national day of action by grassroots organizations and several labor unions.Community and immigrant rights groups sent people from several states. Students, health care workers and people with disabilities demonstrated. Protests went on in 40 other cities, many outside offices of right-wing House members. Two days earlier, 300 people held a die-in outside multimillionaire Rep. Darrell Issa’s office in Vista, Calif.The AARP also had actions in Washington. National Nurses United organized against the proposed bill. Women’s advocacy and pro-choice organizations, such as Planned Parenthood, NARAL Pro-Choice America and UltraViolet all-out mobilized. Consumers, including seniors, community and civil liberties organizations, physicians, hospitals and many more forces took action.Bonanza for the rich, disaster for millionsThe right wing has sought to overturn the Affordable Care Act since the day it was signed on March 23, 2010. Politicians and right-wing media have slammed “Obamacare” every day since then. President Donald Trump declared war on the law and swore throughout his election campaign to “repeal and replace” it.Due to the ACA, over 20 million people now have health insurance, many from Medicaid expansion in 31 states and Washington, D.C., and from federal subsidies for low-income workers to purchase insurance. Officials in 19 Republican-led states still refuse to expand Medicaid. The ACA also mandated that private insurers cover essential health benefits. Every plan must include certain services, including maternity and newborn care, emergency services, substance abuse treatment and mammograms.Enter House Speaker Paul Ryan in 2017. He, Trump and Tom Price, secretary of Health and Human Services, hurried to get the terrible American Health Care Act passed, before its costs and effects were analyzed by the Congressional Budget Office. But they weren’t fast enough.The CBO said the law would offer billions of dollars in tax cuts to health insurers, pharmaceutical companies, investors and others, reaching nearly $1 trillion in 10 years. The bill would have eliminated taxes that pay for subsidies for low-income workers. (New York Times, March 15)The Trump/Ryan/Price proposal was really an anti-health-care bill. With it, the CBO said, 14 million people would lose insurance in the first year, and a total of 24 million would lose coverage by 2026. Medicaid would lose $880 billion over 10 years.The AHCA was a declaration of war on workers, low-income and oppressed people, women and seniors.Seniors would have been penalized since the AHCA would allow insurance companies to charge them up to five times as much for premiums as younger people. AARP said a 64-year-old earning $15,000 a year might pay annual premiums of $8,400. The bill would have weakened Medicare and shifted costs of Medicaid to the states, thus endangering every recipient. (NY Times, March 10)This anti-woman bill would have defunded Planned Parenthood, which receives $500 million a year in federal funds to provide essential preventive, screening and contraceptive services to millions of women.This bill was so unpopular that a March 23 Quinnipiac University poll said it had only a 17 percent approval rating, and that one in seven U.S. residents said it would cause them to lose coverage.‘Kill the bill’Speaker Ryan pulled the bill on March 24, just before the House of Representatives was to vote, as there were not sufficient votes for passage. Trump had wanted the vote that day. Trying to win, the White House even promised the ultraright House “Freedom Caucus” (formerly the Tea Party) to scrap the ACA’s essential health benefits mandate, including coverage for maternity care and mammograms. A room full of male officials was ready to sacrifice women’s health care! Even then, the ultraconservatives were not appeased.The Freedom Caucus opposed the bill because it didn’t go far enough to destroy every aspect of the ACA. Many Republican House members and all Democrats wouldn’t vote for it because they saw the mass mobilizing and felt the pressure from protesters demanding, “Kill the bill!” Some politicians anticipated long-lasting consequences if they voted for it; their constituents would never forget. Those whose states had expanded Medicaid were hard-pressed to vote for it.The outcome is a victory for women, workers, seniors, low-income and Black, Brown and all oppressed communities. People around the country said a resounding “No!” to defunding Planned Parenthood, to tax cuts for billionaires while 24 million would lose health insurance, and to rolling back hard-won gains.The Affordable Care Act is still a capitalist program whereby millions of people are required to purchase health insurance on the market, although many low-income workers receive federal subsidies to do so. However, 9.1 percent of the population still does not have insurance. (NY Times, Sept. 15) Some insurers charge premiums and deductibles that are too high for many consumers. Moreover, federal subsidies are jeopardized by a pending lawsuit brought by reactionaries.‘Medicare for all’The slogan “Medicare for all” is being raised again by the progressuve movement pushing for a single-payer health insurance program. This would be much easier and actually less costly to administer and could potentially cover everyone in the U.S. The program would need some tweaks and additions, but it would be an improvement over the system of for-profit health care and pharmaceuticals. This is worth fighting for and is possible under capitalism.The fight for health care shows that the capitalist system needs to be overhauled. Health care is a human right! It should be provided for everyone, not based on ability to pay and maximizing profits. Socialist Cuba ensures that medical care, including medications, is accessible to all of its people. No one is denied for lack of funds.The fight is not over, but people are emboldened by this win. Neil Gorsuch, a big business ally, is Trump’s nominee for Supreme Court justice. HHS head Tom Price, who has jurisdiction over Medicare and Medicaid, has had a career of cutting both programs. He detests the ACA and vehemently opposes many insurance benefits, including access to free contraceptives for women through Medicaid and all private plans. Both Gorsuch and Price must be opposed.This administration is out to roll back our rights. Tax reform and Trump’s pro-business, inhumane budget are on the horizon. Everyone must remain vigilant and ready to protest any attacks on essential government programs. The ruling class’s every blow must be opposed by a united fightback.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this read more
Twitter Fruit Salad to Die ForSmoked Bacon Wrapped French Vidalia OnionFoolproof Roasted Pork TenderloinPowered By 10 Sec Mama’s Deviled Eggs NextStay Pinterest WhatsApp WhatsApp Previous articleNew judge, new courthouse strategyNext articleDAILY OIL PRICE: June 6 admin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twelve-year-old Ciandra Mendoza, in red, helps the girls team defeat the boys team in a tug of war match during a day at the Odessa Police Athletic League summer camp Tuesday at Floyd Gwin Park. PAL camp is a youth program that utilizes athletic and recreational activities to create trust and understanding between police officers and youth. By admin – June 6, 2018 Take a look at the news in and around Odessa on Wednesday, June 6. Find complete local news coverage in the Odessa American every day, online at oaoa.com and our daily E-Edition at myoaoa.com.1. Turnover in the county’s top job next week could bring with it a shift in the county’s strategy for replacing the Ector County Courthouse, with incoming County Judge Debi Hays saying she wants to explore options that incumbent Ron Eckert had rejected outright.2. Tuesday night at the Ector County Hospital District board of directors’ regular meeting, voting deadlocked during the scheduled appointment of board president during officer elections, leading to tense talk of Facebook posts, of ‘no respect,’ of ‘being treated like idiots’ — ultimately leading to not much except for vented feelings and a delayed appointment.3. A Fort Worth man was sentenced to life in prison Tuesday after pleading guilty to firing at an Ector County deputy two years ago.4. The Odessa Police Department is seeking information after a woman reported being robbed at gunpoint early Tuesday morning in northeast Odessa.5. The Odessa Police Department’s Police Athletic League summer camp has been expanded to include two sessions this summer to welcome even more campers, in the camp’s 26th summer of bringing local youth together daily for activities, exercises and fun in the sun. Home Local News Five things you need to know today, June 6 Twitter Pinterest Facebook ECISD undergoing ‘equity audit’ Facebook OC employee of the year always learning 2021 SCHOOL HONORS: Permian High School Local News Five things you need to know today, June 6 read more
Columns[Law On Reels] ‘Ek Ruka Hua Faisla’:The Eye To Detail Rudrajyoti Nath Ray3 May 2020 12:54 AMShare This – xA jury is a group of people required to attend a legal case and give a verdict based on the evidence presented. If the verdict is not unanimous, the legal case does not meet a near immediate conclusion. The jury obviously requires a discussion organized behind closed doors, in privacy. It may end up requiring more than a day. In those situations, it is preferable, the privacy of the Jurors…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginA jury is a group of people required to attend a legal case and give a verdict based on the evidence presented. If the verdict is not unanimous, the legal case does not meet a near immediate conclusion. The jury obviously requires a discussion organized behind closed doors, in privacy. It may end up requiring more than a day. In those situations, it is preferable, the privacy of the Jurors is maintained and they are neither allowed to return to their home environment nor communicate over their mobiles or laptops. Ideally, the Jurors should avoid influences of all kinds. The 8-1 verdict of ‘no guilt’, in the Nanavati trial [See, Rustom (2016, dir. D.S. Desai)], was incorrect and was reversed. Eventually, India did find jury trials to be an “exotic plant, unsuitable to the country” and abolished the same. Jurors weren’t always unbiased. Nanavati’s further life story or Justice M. Hidayatullah’s dissent in the 60’s [AIR 1960 SC 706] whereby he described his ‘misfortune to differ” from Justice S.K. Das’s opinion that, “the charge to the jury by the Learned Trial Judge was proper”, and other such examples, is just trivia now. However, it is interesting to note a ‘jury’ or ‘delegates’ within the meaning of the Coroner’s Act 1871 [See, Satrupi Tolaram Mirchandani, Writ Petition No. 2235 of 1984 before High Court of Bombay] and the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936 [See, Naomi Sam Irani, Writ Petition (Civil) No. 1125 of 2017 before Supreme Court of India] respectively, remains relevant. The Jurors aren’t really dead. Ek Ruka Hua Faisla (1986, dir. Basu Chatterjee), inspired by 12 Angry Men (1957, dir. Sidney Lumet), allows us the opportunity to evaluate the Jurors who decided the fate of a young individual, accused of stabbing his father to death. In the opening game, the 12 Jurors are at 11-1 in favour of ‘guilt’ and in the end game, the 12 Jurors are unanimously in favour of ‘no guilt’. What happened in between? Juror No. 8, the solitary dissent at inception, reasoned when the issue involves a death sentence, the 19-yr old accused deserves words of discussion. A heated debate ensues on ‘the murder weapon’, ‘the questionable character of this stabbed father and possible enemies’, ‘the credibility of the witnesses’, ‘the whereabouts of the accused at the time of murder’, ‘the manner in which the stab was conducted’. The number in favour of guilt become 10, 8, 6, 3, 2 [Juror No. 3 & 4] in due course. Juror No. 4 however offers a logical explanation for sticking to his ‘guilty verdict’. He says, the belief in one particular witness stands unshaken. The doubts concerning the other issues are more or less immaterial, therefore. At this point, one small habit of Juror No. 4, of rubbing his nose often, intrigues Juror No. 9. Juror No. 4 explains, the deep impression on the side of his nose, occasioned by his eye glasses, and which can only be occasioned by eye glasses, is the cause of botheration/annoyance. It is realized, the particular witness, a 45-year old lady, had the same habit of rubbing her nose and had a similar deep mark on the side of her nose. This leads to the inference that she was habituated to wearing eye glasses too. However, while testifying in Court, she made efforts to look pretty and did not wear her glasses. This sowed doubts as to how she could have witnessed the alleged crime, without eye glasses. Because, as per testimony, she witnessed the crime through the window of her room and it was post-midnight. As it is unusual for people to sleep or attempt to sleep with their eye glasses on, there occurred a reasonable doubt as to the testimony of the so-called eye witness. This leads to arrival at 11-1 in favour of ‘no guilt’. Juror No. 3, the solitary dissent at finish line, the toughest nut to crack, sheds a tear or two before yielding. His initial opinion, mostly formed on class prejudices, melt away in the face of solid contrary facts.Ek Ruka Hua Faisla is available on YouTube, thankfully. On a side note it must be stated, there is a lot of cigarette smoking by the Jurors which shall be odd to copy in a possible Bollywood re-make. In the Hollywood remake, 12 Angry Men (1997, dir. William Friedkin), there is no smoking. Also, one prays for a Female Juror, next time. If we just for a moment imagine, documents, pertaining to a high-profile murder trial, is uploaded on the net; the hearings are live-streamed for perusal; and arguments are made in a fashion understandable by a reasonable man, composition of an unofficial jury can be contemplated. The movies mentioned highlight the importance of detailing in facts. It also highlights how advocates may not always be as well prepared as the common man. We can learn to pay that importance to detailing too when developing our own legal arguments or when assisting the Court. In Birla Institute of Technology v. The State of Jharkhand, the Judges themselves confessed to an error, since an important ‘amendment’ was not brought to their notice. The more of focus on each and every particular, the brighter the chances to excel. (The author is an Advocate practising at Delhi and Kolkata)(This is sixteenth article in the “Law On Reels” series, which explores legal themes in movies.Views Are Personal Only) Next Story read more
Top StoriesAll Consumer Complaints Filed Before CPA 2019 Should Be Heard By Fora As Per Pecuniary Jurisdiction Under CPA 1986 : Supreme Court[Read Judgment] Manu Sebastian15 March 2021 10:13 PMShare This – xNo need to transfer previously filed cases to the new fora under the 2019 Act.In a significant verdict, the Supreme Court on Tuesday held that consumer complaints filed before the coming into effect of the Consumer Protection Act 2019(CPA 2019) should continue in the fora in which they were filed as per the pecuniary jurisdiction under the previous Consumer Protection Act of 1986(CPA 1986).A bench comprising Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah set aside the directions…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIn a significant verdict, the Supreme Court on Tuesday held that consumer complaints filed before the coming into effect of the Consumer Protection Act 2019(CPA 2019) should continue in the fora in which they were filed as per the pecuniary jurisdiction under the previous Consumer Protection Act of 1986(CPA 1986).A bench comprising Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah set aside the directions of the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission that the previously instituted cases as per the 1986 Act should be transferred to the respective fora as per the new pecuniary limits under the 2019 Act.The material provisions of the Consumer Protection Act 2019 came into effect with the notification published on July 20, 2020. The new Act had repealed the 1986 Act.The Supreme Court ordered that all proceedings instituted before July 20, 2020 shall continue to be heard by the fora constituted under the 1986 Act and they are not to be transferred to the new fora as per the pecuniary jurisdiction as per the 2019 Act.”…we have come to the conclusion that proceedings instituted before the commencement of the Act of 2019 on 20 July 2020 would continue before the fora corresponding to those under the Act of 1986 (the National Commission, State Commissions and District Commissions) and not be transferred in terms of the pecuniary jurisdiction set for the fora established under the Act of 2019″, the bench observed.”All proceedings instituted before 20 July 2020 under the Act of 1986 shall continue to be heard by the fora corresponding to those designated under the Act of 1986 as explained above and not be transferred in terms of the new pecuniary limits established under the Act of 2019″, the Court ordered.This significant pronouncement, which settles a widespread confusion prevailing in consumer fora across the country, came in the case Neena Aneja and others vs Jai Prakash Associates Ltd.The 2019 Act had increased the pecuniary jurisdiction of consumer fora as follows :District Forum :-Increased to Rs.One Crore from Rs. Twenty Lakhs.State Commission :- Increased to Rs. Ten Crores from Rs. One Crore.National Commission :- Above Rs. Ten Crores from Rs.One Crores.In the instant case, the Supreme Court held that the consumer complaint, seeking a claim of Rs 2.19 Crores, filed on June 18, 2020, should be heard by the NCDRC. The case was related to a dispute between a flat purchaser and a developer. It was the developer who objected to the continuation of the proceedings in the NCDRC.The Supreme Court imposed a cost of Rupees Two Lakhs on the developer, payable to the complainants.Reasoning of the CourtThe judgment authored by Justice DY Chandrachud laid special emphasis on Section 107 of the CPA 2019, which repealed the 1986 Act.Section 107 (2) has saved “the previous operation” of any repealed enactment or “anything duly done or suffered thereunder to the extent that it is not inconsistent with the provisions of the new legislation”. Section 107(3) indicates that the general application of Section 6 of the General Clauses Act is not prejudiced.Section 6 of the General Clauses Act provides governing principles with regard to the impact of the repeal of a central statute or regulation. These governing principles are to apply, “unless a different intention appears”. Clause (c) of Section 6 inter alia stipulates that a repeal would not affect “any right, privilege, obligation or liability acquired, accrued or incurred under any enactment so repealed”. Clause (e) of Section 6 ensures that a legal proceeding which has been initiated to protect or enforce “such right” will not be affected and that it can be continued as if the repealing legislation has not been enacted. The plain consequence of clause (c) and clause (e), when read together is two-fold: first, the right which has accrued on the date of the institution of the consumer complaint under the Act of 1986 (the repealing law) is preserved; and second, the enforcement of the right through the instrument of a legal proceeding or remedy will not be affected by the repeal.The Court also noted that there is no express language indicating that all pending cases would stand transferred to the fora created by the Act of 2019 by applying its newly prescribed pecuniary limits.The judgment also talked about the hardship which would be caused to the consumers if the pending cases are to be transferred to new fora.”One can imagine the serious hardship that would be caused to the consumers, if cases which have been already instituted before the NCDRC were required to be transferred to the SCDRCs as a result of the alteration of pecuniary limits by the Act of 2019. A consumer who has engaged legal counsel at the headquarters of the NCDRC would have to undertake a fresh round of legal representation before the SCDRC incurring expense and engendering uncertainty in obtaining access to justice. Likewise, where complaints have been instituted before the SCDRC, a transfer of proceedings would require consumers to obtain legal representation before the District Commission if cases were to be transferred. Such a course of action would have a detrimental impact on the rights of consumers. Many consumers may not have the wherewithal or the resources to undertake a fresh burden of finding legal counsel to represent them in the new forum to which their cases would stand transferred”.Such a course of action will result in thousands of cases being transferred across the country, from the NCDRC to the SCDRCs and from the SCDRCs to the District Commission, the Court noted.Difficulty to attribute to Parliament an intent to cause hardship to consumersThe Court observed that it would be difficult to attribute to Parliament, whose purpose in enacting the Act of 2019 was to protect and support consumers, with an intent that would lead to financial hardship, uncertainty and expense in the conduct of consumer litigation.Referring to the statistics of the Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs, the Court noted that as on 31 October 2019, 21,216 cases were pending before the NCDRC and 1,25,156 cases were pending before the SCDRC. Many of these cases would have to be transferred if the argument of the respondent is upheld. This will seriously dislocate the interests of consumers in a manner which defeats the object of the legislation, which is to protect and promote their welfare.The judgment also took note of earlier NCDRC decisions, which held that the previous amendments to the 1986 Act which raised the pecuniary jurisdictional limit were prospective in nature.It also said that Sections 34, 47 and 58 of the 2019 Act, which speak of the powers of the fora at different level to “entertain” complaints within the pecuniary limits of their jurisdiction,will undoubtedly apply to complaints which were instituted after the Act of 2019 came into forceCase DetailsTitle : Neena Aneja and others vs Jai Prakash Associates Ltd.Bench : Justices DY Chandrachud and MR ShahCitation : LL 2021 SC 164Click here to read/download the judgmentNext Story read more
iStock/koto_fejaBy: JON HAWORTH, MATT ZARRELL, MEREDITH DELISO and LUIS MARTINEZ, ABC News (NEW YORK) — The novel coronavirus pandemic has now killed more than 281,000 people worldwide.More than four million people across the world have been diagnosed with COVID-19, the disease caused by the new respiratory virus, according to data compiled by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. The actual numbers are believed to be much higher due to testing shortages, many unreported cases and suspicions that some governments are hiding the scope of their nations’ outbreaks. Since the first cases were detected in China in December, the United States has become the worst-affected country, with more than 1.3 million diagnosed cases and at least 79,058 deaths.Here’s how the news developed Sunday. All times Eastern:8:56 p.m.: Member of Joint Chiefs gets conflicting results on COVID testGen. Joseph Lengyel, the chief of the National Guard Bureau and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, will receive a third test for the coronavirus on Monday after he received conflicting test results on Saturday, according to a U.S. official.The general tested positive for COVID-19 Saturday afternoon but a subsequent test Saturday was negative, according to a Pentagon spokesperson.Meanwhile, Adm. Mike Gilday, the chief of Naval Operations and another member of the Joint Chiefs, will self-quarantine for a week after coming into contact with a family member who tested positive for the virus.Gilday tested negative for COVID-19, but a U.S. official told ABC News that he will self-quarantine for the next week out of an abundance of caution. He did not attend the Joint Chiefs meeting with President Donald Trump at the White House on Saturday night as he awaited the results of a test taken on Friday, said the official.Lengyel did not attend Saturday night’s meeting either, and neither of the two senior military officials was seen in an official photo of Trump’s meeting on Saturday with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and other top officials.2:57 p.m.: Fauci, three others to testify by videoconference at hearingAll four administration witnesses scheduled to testify before the Senate Health Committee this week will appear by videoconference out of “an abundance of caution,” the committee chairman said Sunday.Three of the four witnesses are in some form of quarantine after possibly being exposed to COVID-19: Dr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID); Dr. Robert Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Stephen Hahn.A fourth witness, Dr. Brett Giroir, is also scheduled to testify at Tuesday’s Senate Health Committee hearing about the government response to COVID-19.The quarantine measures follow the discovery of two known coronavirus cases at the White House, including the vice president’s press secretary.The NIAID said Fauci tested negative for COVID-19 and is considered to be “at relatively low risk based on the degree of his exposure.” Fauci, whose quarantine was described as “modified,” initially was expected to show up to the Senate for his testimony on Tuesday. But, “after consulting with Dr. Fauci, and in an abundance of caution for our witnesses, senators, and the staff, all four administration witnesses will appear by videoconference due to these unusual circumstances,” Senate Health Committee Chairman Lamar Alexander said in a statement.2:15 p.m.: UK to begin easing lockdown restrictionsThe United Kingdom will begin easing lockdown restrictions this week, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Sunday during a prerecorded telecast.The leader announced several steps in reopening, contingent on keeping the transmission rate (R) below 1.Johnson urged residents to continue to work from home if they can, but people who can’t, such as those in construction or manufacturing, should go to work this week, Johnson said. He encouraged those workers to avoid public transportation and instead travel by car, walking or bicycle.Starting Wednesday, residents will be able to participate in “unlimited amounts” of outdoor activity, Johnson said, including sunbathing and playing sports with members of their own household. People must continue to obey social distancing guidelines; fines for breaking the rules will be increased, Johnson said, though he did not specify the amount.By June 1, the U.K. may be in a position to begin reopening shops and schools, starting with reception, year 1 and year 6, Johnson said. Secondary pupils facing exams next year will get at least some time with their teachers before the holidays.Some of the hospitality industry and other public places may open by July at the earliest, Johnson said.“Throughout this period, over the next two months, we will be driven not by mere hope or economic necessity. We’re going to be driven by the science, the data and public health,” Johnson said. “All of this is conditional. It all depends on a series of big ifs. It depends on all of us, the entire country, to follow the advice and observe social distancing and to keep that R down.”The prime minister also announced a new COVID alert system determined by the transmission rate and the number of cases. Level 1 indicates COVID-19 is no longer present in the U.K., while level 5 indicates there is a risk of the virus overwhelming the National Health System. The U.K. is currently at level 4, Johnson said.“That COVID alert level will tell us how tough we have to be in our social-distancing measures,” Johnson said. “The lower the level, the fewer the measures. The higher the level, the tougher and stricter we will have to be.”The U.K.’s transmission rate is “potentially only just below 1,” Johnson said, somewhere between .5 and .9.The prime minister also said the U.K. will enact a quarantine on people traveling into the country, but did not say when that would start.The U.K. recorded an additional 269 deaths in the last 24 hours, bringing the country’s death total to 31,855, according to the Department of Health and Social Care. There have been 219,183 who have tested positive in the U.K. 1:02 p.m.: France, Spain report low daily death tolls ahead of phased reopeningFrance and Spain have reported their lowest daily COVID-19 deaths in over a month. The numbers come one day before both countries loosen restrictions on their lockdowns.France’s health ministry reported Sunday there were 70 COVID-19 deaths in one day, bringing the total to 26,380. There are 176,782 diagnosed cases in the country, according to Johns Hopkins University.Starting Monday, small shops and markets in France can open with limits on capacity. Groups of up to 10 people inside or outside will be allowed. Many schools will reopen on Tuesday. Bars, restaurants, cafes and large museums will remain closed.Spain has the second-highest number of COVID-19 cases in the world with 223,578, according to Johns Hopkins. The country had 143 deaths in one day, for a total of 26,621, Spain’s health ministry reported on Sunday.Starting Monday, 51% of the nation will start to reopen, with regions not hit hard by the virus able to open small businesses, hotels and churches with limited occupancy. Dine-in restaurants, museums, cinemas, theaters and schools will remain closed.12:20 p.m.: New York launches new nursing home proceduresNursing home staffs in New York state must be tested for COVID-19 twice a week, Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced Sunday at his daily briefing.Additionally, hospitals can only discharge patients to nursing homes if they test negative for COVID-19.If a nursing home cannot provide adequate care for a COVID-positive resident, such as staffing, facilities or equipment, it must call the state health department to transfer the resident.If the facilities don’t follow the procedures, they will lose their license, the governor said.“One of our top priorities is protecting people in nursing homes and seniors,” Cuomo said Sunday. “This is where this virus feeds. It’s where this virus started.”Nursing homes have been especially hit hard by the coronavirus. New York leads the nation in the number of coronavirus deaths in nursing homes and long-term care facilities, according to The Associated Press, accounting for a fifth — about 5,300 — of the nation’s more than 26,000 deaths.New York has the highest population of nursing home residents in any state, with 101,518, and ranks 34th in the U.S. for the percentage of deaths in nursing homes, Cuomo noted Sunday.The governor also noted at the briefing that the state’s health department is now investigating 85 cases of a COVID-related inflammatory illness in children. The condition, known as Pediatric Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome, has similar symptoms to Kawasaki disease. Two additional deaths are also being investigated, Cuomo said.11 a.m.: Unlikely COVID-19 will be eradicated without vaccine, chief science officer saysJohnson & Johnson’s chief scientific officer says it’s unlikely the coronavirus will be eradicated without a vaccine.Dr. Paul Stoffels, appearing on ABC’s “This Week” on Sunday, responded to comments from President Donald Trump last week that, “With or without a vaccine, it’s going to pass, and we’re going to be back to normal.”“(It) would be great if the disease goes away very quickly, but we don’t think so,” Stoffels told ABC News chief anchor George Stephanopoulos. “It’s now spreading around the world so fast.”On March 30, Johnson & Johnson announced that it had selected a leading coronavirus vaccine candidate and the company anticipates beginning human trials on it by September 2020.The company has partnered with the U.S. government to develop a vaccine, with the Trump administration awarding a grant of nearly half a billion dollars to aid their research.While Johnson & Johnson says the typical vaccine development process takes five to seven years, the company has admitted they are moving on a “substantially accelerated timeframe” to find a vaccine.Johnson & Johnson said they plan to have a billion doses of the vaccine available once it is developed.10:30 a.m.: 38 NYC children suffering inflammatory illness possibly related to COVID-19There are 38 children in New York City suffering from an inflammatory illness that is possibly related to COVID-19, Mayor Bill de Blasio said at his daily press briefing on Sunday.The condition, called Pediatric Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome by health officials, has similar symptoms to Kawasaki disease.There are 9 additional cases in New York City that are pending and 1 death.Parents of more than 1 million children have been alerted, de Blasio said. The state’s health department issued an advisory to health care providers on Wednesday.“Thankfully most children with COVID-19 only experience mild symptoms, but in some, a dangerous inflammatory syndrome can develop,” Dr. Howard Zucker, commissioner of the New York State Department of Health, said in a statement last week.“In the United Kingdom, a possible link has also been reported between pediatric COVID-19 and serious inflammatory disease,” New York health officials said. “The inflammatory syndrome has features which overlap with Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome and may occur days to weeks after acute COVID-19 illness. It can include persistent fever, abdominal symptoms, rash, and even cardiovascular symptoms requiring intensive care.”Meanwhile, de Blasio said he’s asked the federal government to provide 39,000 doses of the experimental drug, remdesivir. On May 1, the Food and Drug Administration authorized the emergency use of remdesivir to treat COVID-19.As of now, New York only has 4,000 doses, the mayor said.9:20 a.m.: ‘Glimmer of hope’ within record job loss numbers, Trump advisor saysLarry Kudlow, the director of the U.S. National Economic Council, attempted to put a positive spin on components of an April jobs report that showed a record number of jobs were lost and the U.S. unemployment rate jumped over 10 points, amid the coronavirus pandemic, arguing that the havoc wreaked by the outbreak might not be permanent.“Inside the numbers is a glimmer of hope,” Kudlow said in an interview on ABC’s “This Week” Sunday morning, adding that “80% of it was furloughs and temporary layoffs. That, by the way, doesn’t assure that you will go back to a job, but it says strongly that the accord between the worker and the business is still intact.”The U.S. economy lost a staggering 20.5 million jobs in April, pushing the unemployment rate to 14.7% according to data released Friday by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.3:29 a.m.: China reports first coronavirus case in Wuhan since April 3 among 14 new infectionsChina’s National Health Commission reported 14 new confirmed coronavirus cases on May 9, the highest number since April 28, including the first for more than a month in the city of Wuhan where the outbreak was first detected late last year.While China had officially designated all areas of the country as low-risk last Thursday, the new cases according to data published on Sunday represent a jump from the single case reported for the day before. The number was lifted by a cluster of 11 in Shulan city in northeastern Jilin province.Jilin officials on Sunday raised the Shulan city risk level to high from medium, having hoisted it to medium the day before after one woman tested positive on May 7. The 11 new cases made public on Sunday are members of her family or people who came into contact with her or family members.The new Wuhan case, the first reported in the epicenter of China’s outbreak since April 3, was previously asymptomatic, according to the health commission.2:49: a.m.: Oklahoma City University’s virtual graduation ceremony hit by ‘hate-filled attack’Oklahoma City University President Martha Burger released a statement after the university’s virtual graduation ceremony was hacked Saturday with what was described as a “hate-filled attack.”“We are heartbroken and outraged at the hate-filled attack that occurred at the end of our virtual graduation celebration today,” Burger said on social media. “During a time that should have been focused on recognizing our graduating students, an unknown source was able to bypass the system and display racist and offensive language. I want to be clear, OCU stands against racism, bigotry, and anti-Semitism.”Although the statement does not provide details about what the hate-filled attack was, a viewer who said they are a graduate’s parent told KOCO 5 that racial slurs and a swastika were put on the screen.OCU officials said they have started a report to federal and state authorities and will ensure that “all participant data is provided to investigators.” The university also will work with law enforcement officials as they identify the people involved in the attack.Authorities also said OCU will pursue every avenue available to make sure those responsible are held accountable under the law.“We are deeply hurt and saddened by the pain that has been inflicted upon our community,” Burger said. “The class of 2020 has been champions of diversity and inclusion, and we will continue to show love and support to each other as a university family in the aftermath of this hate.”12:35 a.m. President Trump congratulates UFC on return in pre-taped video messagePresident Trump praised the UFC for their return to operations in a pre-taped video message that opened the UFC 249 broadcast on ESPN Saturday evening. UFC 249, held in a fan-free arena in Jacksonville, served as the first major sporting event in the U.S. since the coronavirus pandemic forced stay-at-home orders for most of the country.Said Trump in the video message: “I’m standing at a very important spot, right outside the oval office and you’re looking at the White House behind me. And it’s an honor to be here and it’s an honor to salute you. And I want to congratulate Dana White and the UFC. They’re going to have a big match, we love it, we think it’s important. Get the sports leagues back, let’s play. You do the social distancing and whatever else you have to do. But we need sports. We want our sports back. And congratulations to Dana White, UFC.”11:17 p.m.: Dr. Anthony Fauci joins list of government officials entering self-quarantine over COVID-19 exposureDr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, will be entering a “modified quarantine” due to exposure to someone who tested positive for the novel coronavirus.Fauci joins a growing list of administration officials taking precautions following the news of two known coronavirus cases at the White House, including the vice president’s press secretary.The head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Director Dr. Robert Redfield, announced Saturday afternoon he would be going into self-quarantine due to “low risk exposure” to someone with the novel coronavirus.The NIAID said Fauci tested negative for COVID-19 and is considered to be “at relatively low risk based on the degree of his exposure.” Fauci’s quarantine was described as “modified” and he might still go to his office at the National Institutes of Health, where he would be the only one in the building.“Nevertheless he is taking appropriate precautions to mitigate risk to any of his personal contacts while still allowing him to carry out his responsibilities in this public health crisis,” NIAID told ABC News.ABC News’ Ibtissem Guenfoud, Aicha El Hammar Castano, Ahmad Hemingway, Matt Foster, Mark Osborne, Rachel Scott, Adam Kelsey, Jack Arnholz and Anne Flaherty contributed to this report.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. 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Comments are closed. Related posts:No related photos. Progressing from the land to the office isn’t always all it’s cracked up tobe, as Vance Kearney discoversI can’t say that I am ageing well, with four kids, one close to graduatingin computer science just as the boom becomes a bust – and I’m thinking aboutbouncing grandchildren on my knees. My grandfather worked on the land as a tied agricultural labourer and my dadwas a toolmaker. The few people left who know what that is will tell you it isthe elite of the engineering craft trades. Here I am now, head of HR for asuccessful global multinational in Europe. It seems the family has progressedwell from the land to the office, from poverty to relative riches. Yes, lifeand Larry Ellison have been good to me. Can you remember the bad old days when we were all in coal mining,shipbuilding, steel production and manufacturing? That was dirty old work,wasn’t it? Luckily that all went to the Far East. The West was too expensive.Those businesses couldn’t support our economic and social needs, and today weare all far happier as knowledge workers with our service industries,air-conditioned offices and Starbucks. We never had it so good, what with full employment, generous state pensionsand welfare states and good health and education services, despite what thepapers say. Until now, that is, when it all became too darned hard. Hands up all employers that like employing people in Europe – and don’t tellme you like 50 per cent payroll taxes, and 30 months pay to lay people off,every decision challenged in a workers’ court or a workers’ council. What areyou, masochists? I know it keeps us HR types busy, but get real – this is utterlunacy. But fear not, it’s going to get easier. Not because governments will wise up(no-one gets elected by facing hard facts) but because all the jobs are goingaway. Don’t you believe me? Where’s the fastest growing centre for sharedservices and back-office functions (such as HR and finance)? It is Bangalore.What’s the predicted global market for back-office outsourcing? $200bn in fiveyears. Where can you deliver most of the functions we excel at in Europe andthe west: financial services, travel and distribution, publishing, technologyand media? India again. An almost limitless supply (by European standards) ofhighly educated talent just itching to take over the work we do best. There are as many software developers in Hyderabad as there are in Europe.We lost manufacturing and the service sector will go the same way as telecomsand the internet make physical locations irrelevant. Read the article BackOffice to the World Bangalore, Delhi and Mumbai in The Economist, 3 May, if youthink I have a screw loose. So, as Europe’s social agenda moves ahead on a wave of popular electoralsupport, while the governments of Europe promise pensions they can’t pay forand employment rights that no one can afford, I have some advice: invest thatbulging severance cheque wisely; your grandchildren may have to live on it. The Economist article is available to subscribers at http://www.economist.com/displayStory.cfm?Story_ID=610986Vance Kearney is vice-president of HR for Oracle-Europe, Middle East andAfrica. However, the views represented here are solely his own Where are all the jobs?On 1 Jul 2002 in Personnel Today Previous Article Next Article read more
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